Posts for: February, 2017

By Dr. Donna Barrese
February 23, 2017
Category: podiatrist
Tags: foot corns  

Photo Of A Woman After Trying Corn And Callus Remedies - Donna Barrese, DPM East Windsor Lawrenceville Foot & Ankle BlogFoot corns and calluses are unsightly at best and painful at worst. The thickened, rough skin can even lead to the inability to wear certain types of shoes or problems with mobility. Calluses tend to form on the bottom of the feet, while corns are most common on the smooth skin at the top of the toes. The good news, though, is that home care strategies can help banish these bothersome foot issues. Try these simple tips, many of which use materials you likely already have in your kitchen or medicine cabinet.


Preventing Corns and Calluses

These issues have a range of causes, including improperly fitting footwear, socks that cause friction, flat feet, bunions, gait problems, athletic activities, structural issues, high arches, and obesity. Those who find they are prone to corns and calluses should stop wearing the offending shoes and pad the callus with gauze to reduce pressure on that area of the foot. Medicated pads available over-the-counter can help soften corns and calluses. Proper foot hygiene, including regular cleaning and moisturizing, can also be beneficial. Try soaking the affected foot in warm water and then rubbing the area with a pumice stone. Go barefoot whenever possible until the callus disappears. Additional home remedies including soaking the feet in apple cider vinegar for 15 minutes; rubbing vitamin A or E oil on the affected areas and leaving it for three minutes; sleeping with a slice of lemon peel over the area inside a cotton sock; or soaking in Epsom salts.


When Removal Is Required

If a corn or callus becomes painful, a podiatrist can recommend additional treatment options. These often include orthotics that can help compensate for issues like flat feet or high arches that contribute to the development of corns and calluses. In some cases, the thickened skin will have to be removed. Never attempt to remove a callus at home with a scalpel or razor blade, as this could lead to injury or infection. Those with diabetes should always consult a podiatrist if they have food corns or calluses, which could be a sign of a circulation problem that can lead to infection and even amputation if left untreated.

If foot corns and calluses are a chronic problem, talk to a podiatrist. He or she can examine your feet and recommend effective treatment strategies.

By Dr. Donna Barrese
February 10, 2017
Category: podiatrist
Tags: podiatrist  

If an individual has been suffering from Type 1 Diabetes or was recently diagnosed with Type 2, he or she may typically be most concerned with diet and insulin. While this is very important, people with diabetes may also lose sensitivity in their feet due to nerve damage and poor circulation, and in the worst case scenarios, they may require amputation. It is recommended that individuals adhere to frequent checkups with a podiatrist to prevent such drastic treatments.

Image of microscopic vasculitic neuropathy

What is Neuropathy?

When one suffers nerve damage, it can reduce the foot's ability to feel pain or secrete its natural oils to prevent dryness and cracking. The excessive levels of blood sugar in diabetes may cause this condition, which leads to a vicious cycle that can severely damage the feet.

While one may experience pain even with neuropathy, he or she may not feel fluid buildups, or even a sharp object inside the shoe, which can cause consistent damage. If a patient leaves this untreated, the effects of low blood circulation and potential infections may leave patients with no choice but amputation. However, one may take many preventative measures to avoid such a dire outcome.

How to Take Preventative Measures

Understanding the risk of diabetes and its effect on your feet is the first step to avoiding serious issues. Additionally, routine steps can help improve the health of feet.

- Find the right podiatrist and follow their recommendations for individual care.

- Wear quality compression socks or stockings to increase blood flow and reduce fluid buildup.

- If skin starts drying out and peeling, the individual should use a thin layer of hand cream or petroleum jelly to keep in the moisture after a shower. However, patients should not soak feet for extended periods of time or apply the cream to the area between toes.

- Check for calluses and use a pumice stone after showering to remove the dead skin. Do not cut calluses open as they may turn into ulcers or cause an infection.

- Engage in regular aerobic exercise to promote circulation, but avoid overly strenuous activities such as running and jumping. Focus on cleanliness and foot care to make the most of this routine.

Always double check and seek an appointment with a podiatrist to answer any additional questions and determine if there are other precautions to take.