By Dr. Donna Barrese
October 18, 2016
Category: podiatrist

Foot X-Ray - Donna Barrese, DPM East Windsor Lawrenceville Foot & Ankle

The foot is a complex anatomical structure that supports the rest of the body. Its mechanics enable a broad range of actions including standing, squatting, walking, running, dancing, jumping, and more.

A crushing foot injury can affect bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Diagnosing crush-type injuries requires great care to ensure every part of the foot is fully considered before beginning a treatment plan.

What Is A Crush Injury?

A foot injury can happen in many different scenarios, from something heavy falling onto the foot to an automobile accident trapping it and creating excessive pressure. It is a complicated injury that can result not only in broken bones but also soft tissue damage. Because nerves and muscles may also be affected, it's important to seek care for such an injury right away. A qualified physician specializing in podiatry – the branch of medicine that deals with the foot's anatomy and care – can fully assess the injury, treating it immediately and recommending an ongoing course of treatment until the foot has healed.

Examining and Treating a Foot Injury

A podiatrist will perform a thorough examination. This may include taking X-rays and possibly other forms of imaging, such as computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). During the exam, the podiatrist will also do a visual inspection and conduct checks of the circulatory system, nerve sensation, and motor function.

If any fractures are detected, treatment may vary based on several factors. These include which bones are broken, the extent of the injury, what existing medical conditions the patient has, and whether or not a skin wound is present.

Treatments for fractures can involve buddy taping with an adjacent toe, casting, or surgery. Any wounds that are present will first need to be cleaned and bandaged to prevent infections.

Recovery and Therapy

Patients will need to follow doctors’ instructions carefully for the best possible outcome. Home care may include elevating the foot to minimize swelling, keeping wounds clean and dry, and taking pain medication to prevent infections.

Once the foot injury has healed, therapy may be required to regain any lost range of motion. Strength building may also be part of the regimen. Follow-up visits will be scheduled to monitor progress.